Clinic All-State Terms

a poco a little; gradually grazioso gracefully
a tempo in time; generally implies a return to the original rate of speed l’istesso the same
accelerando gradually faster larghetto slow, but not as slow as largo
adagietto slow, but not as slow as adagio largo very slow
adagio very slow legato smooth and connected
agitato agitated; rapid lento very slow
al fine to the finish maestoso majestically
alla in the style of marcato marked; with emphasis
allargando gradually slower and broader marziale martial
allegretto light and moderately quick, but not as fast as allegro meno less
allegro rapid; lively mezzo medium; half
andante moderately slow, but moving moderato moderately
andantino generally a little quicker than andante molto very
animato animated; spirited mosso motion; movement
appassionato intensely; passionately; with deep feeling non troppo not too much
brilliante brilliantly pianissimo very softly
cantabile in a singing style piano softly
chromatic by semi-tones poco a little
coda the final added measures of a musical composition poco a poco little by little
con anima with animation; spirit prestissimo very fast; more so than presto
con brio with spirit; brilliantly presto very fast
con forza with force rallentando gradually slower
con grazia with grace ritardando gradually slower
con spirito with spirit; brilliance ritenuto a steady pace, but slower than the preceding tempo
crescendo gradually louder rubato temporary irregularity of time, lengthening some notes at the expense of others
da capo from the beginning segno the sign
dal segno from the sign sempre always; continually
decrescendo gradually softer sforzando forced; with emphasis
diminuendo gradually softer simile the same
dolce sweetly soli more than one performer in unison
energico energetically solo a composition or passage for one performer
etude a study sostenuto sustained
fermata a hold or pause staccato separated, detached style
forte loud subito suddenly
fortissimo very loud tacet silent
furioso furiously tempo time; speed
grandioso grand or noble style tenuto sustain full value
grave very slow or solemn vivace vivacious; lively