Senior All-State Terms

a poco a little; gradually leggiero lightly
a tempo in time; generally implies a return to the original rate of speed lento very slow
accelerando gradually faster maestoso majestically
adagietto slow, but not as slow as adagio marcato marked; with emphasis
adagio very slow marcia march style
agitato agitated; rapid marziale martial
al fine to the finish meno Less
alla in the style of mezzo medium; half
allargando gradually slower and broader moderato moderately
allegretto light and moderately quick, but not as fast as allegro molto very
allegro rapid; lively morendo dying away
andante moderately slow, but moving mosso motion; movement
andantino generally a little quicker than andante moto motion; movement
animato animated; spirited non troppo not too much
appassionato intensely; passionately; with deep feeling opus a musical work or composition
arioso in a vocal style ottava an octave
assai very pesante heavily; with emphasis
ben well pianissimo very softly
brilliante brilliantly piano softly
calando gradually slower and softer piu more
cantabile in a singing style poco a little
chromatic by semi-tones poco a poco little by little
coda the final added measures of a musical composition prestissimo very fast; more so than presto
con with presto very fast
con amore with tenderness primo first
con anima with animation; spirit rallentando gradually slower
con brio with spirit; brilliantly religioso in solemn style
con forza with force ritardando gradually slower
con fuoco with fire, energy ritenuto a steady pace, but slower than the preceding tempo
con grazia with grace rubato temporary irregularity of time, lengthening some notes at the expense of others
con spirito with spirit; brilliance scherzando in light, playful style
crescendo gradually louder scherzo playfully, usually in rapid tempo with rhythmic and dynamic contrasts
da capo from the beginning segno the sign
dal segno from the sign sempre always; continually
decrescendo gradually softer senza without
diminuendo gradually softer sforzando forced; with emphasis
dolce sweetly simile the same
energico energetically smorzando dying away
etude a study soli more than one performer in unison
fermata a hold or pause solo a composition or passage for one performer
forte loud sordino mute
fortissimo very loud sostenuto sustained
forzando forcefully accented staccato separated, detached style
furioso furiously stringendo gradually faster
giocoso joyfully subito suddenly
grandioso grand or noble style tacet silent
grave very slow or solemn tempo time; speed
grazioso gracefully tempo di valse waltz time
l’istesso the same tenuto sustain full value
larghetto slow, but not as slow as largo valse waltz
larghissimo very slow, more so than largo veloce very fast
largo very slow vivace vivacious; lively
legato smooth and connected vivo lively; brisk