Junior All-State Terms

a tempo in time; generally implies a return to the original rate of speed
accelerando gradually faster
al fine to the finish
allegretto light and moderately quick, but not as fast as allegro
allegro rapid; lively
andante moderately slow, but moving
andantino generally a little quicker than andante
animato animated; spirited
cantabile in a singing style
chromatic by semi-tones
coda the final added measures of a musical composition
con brio with spirit; brilliantly
con spirito with spirit; brilliance
crescendo gradually louder
da capo from the beginning
dal segno from the sign
decrescendo gradually softer
diminuendo gradually softer
dolce sweetly
etude a study
fermata a hold or pause
forte loud
fortissimo very loud
grazioso gracefully
largo very slow
legato smooth and connected
maestoso majestically
marcato marked; with emphasis
marziale martial
mezzo medium; half
moderato moderately
molto very
pianissimo very softly
piano softly
poco a poco little by little
presto very fast
rallentando gradually slower
ritardando gradually slower
segno the sign
soli more than one performer in unison
solo a composition or passage for one performer
staccato separated, detached style
tacet silent
tempo time; speed
tenuto sustain full value